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NEW YORK — With the weather getting warmer and people staying at home, officials urged parents to install and maintain window guards to protect children.

Since March, three young children have fallen from windows, officials said. In 2019, four children died after they fell from windows that did not have properly installed window guards. Health Commissioner Dr. Oxiris Barbot said staying safe inside as just as important as staying safe outside.

“Properly installing window guards can prevent falls and keep kids safe,” Dr. Barbot said. “If you have a child 10 years old or younger, make sure that you have a properly installed window guard in every window that is not an emergency exit; if window guards are missing, call 311.”

Owners of buildings with three or more units are required to install approved window guards in any apartment where a child 10 years of age or younger is cared for or lives.

Window guard installation is considered essential and can be done as the PAUSE order around work continues.

Here are some guidelines from the city for determining whether window guards are properly installed:

  • On double-hung windows, two L-shaped stops should be screwed into the upper window tracks — one on each side — to keep the bottom window from being opened more than 4½ inches above the top bar of a window guard.
  • The window guard or limiting device should allow no opening or space greater than 4½ inches on any window, including double hung, casement or sliders.
  • The window guard must be installed securely and be flush mounted to the window frame on both sides with one-way or tamper-proof screws approved by the Health Department.
  • The window guard must be installed in a sturdy window frame.

If you are a parent of young children, here are some additional recommendations from the city for preventing window falls:

  • Carefully check window guards periodically to ensure that they are secure. Screens are never a substitute for window guards.
  • Never place a bed, chair or other object onto which children can climb in front of a window.
  • Keep children off balconies and terraces if they are not being closely supervised by an adult by locking doors to those areas.
  • Never let children play near elevator shafts or on fire escapes, balconies, terraces or rooftops. Don’t let them play unsupervised in building hallways that have unguarded windows.
  • Call 311 to report unguarded hallway windows.