HPV vaccines and important facts you may not know

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(PIX11) -- In light of Melissa Mark Viverito's shocking announcement that she has HPV, Dr. Steve weighs in on what you need to know about HPV and the vaccine.

HPV vaccines are given as a series of three shots over 6 months to protect against HPV infection and the health problems that HPV infection can cause. Two vaccines (Cervarix and Gardasil) protect against cervical cancers in women. One vaccine (Gardasil) also protects against genital warts and cancers of the anus, vagina and vulva. Both vaccines are available for females. Only Gardasil is available for males.

For information on who should get the HPV vaccine, and more from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, click here

The NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene launched a new ad campaign to encourage parents of adolescents to vaccinate their children against HPV. You can read more about it here